Correct Option: B
Nelson Mandela, the former President of South Africa, was known as Africa’s Gandhi. Like Martin Luther King Jr., Tanzania’s Julius Nyerere and Zambia’s Kenneth Kaunda, Mandela was deeply influenced by Gandhi’s ‘passive resistance’ and ‘satyagraha’ as effective political tools for use by unarmed victims of a powerful opponent.
Correct Option: C
Bartholomew Dias, a Portuguese voyager, discovered the Cape of Good Hope in Africa in December 1487. He had named the Cape “the Cape of Storms” (Cabo das Tormentas), but King John II of Portugal later renamed it Cabo de Boa Esperanca (Cape of Good Hope).