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Comprehension | MCQ | Page - 1

Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Every profession or trade, every art and every science has its technical vocabulary, the function of which is partly to designate things or processes which have no names in ordinary English and partly to secure greater exactness in nomenclature. Such special dialects or jargons are necessary in technical discussion of any kind. Being universally understood by the devotees of the particular science or art, they have the precision of a mathematical formula. Besides, they save time, for it is much more economical to name a process than to describe it. Thousands of these technical terms are very properly included in every large dictionary, yet, as a whole, they are rather on the outskirts of the English language than actually within its borders. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of their special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts and other vocations like farming and fishing that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary is very old. An average man now uses these in his own vocabulary. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity and philosophy have become familiar to cultivated persons.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
designate : to describe/ name something/somebody in a particular way.
nomenclature : a system of naming things.
dialects : the form of language that is spoken in an area with grammar, words and pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language.
jargons : words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group of people, and are difficult for others to understand. precision : the quality of being exact, accurate and careful accuracy.
cultivated people : having a high level of education and showing good manners.
outskirts : out of : vocations :a type of work/way of life that you believe is suitable for you


Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
In May 1966, the World Health Organisation was authorised to initiate a global campaign to eradicate smallpox. The goal was to eradicate the disease in one decade. Because similar projects for malaria and yellow fever had failed, few believed that smallpox could actually be eradicated, but eleven years after the initial organisation of the campaign, no cases were reported in the field. The strategy was not only to provide mass vaccinations, but also to isolate patients with active small-pox in order to contain the spread of the disease and to break the chain of human transmission. Rewards for reporting smallpox assisted in motivating the public to aid health workers. One by one, each small-pox victim was sought out, removed from contact with others and treated. At the same time, the entire, village where the victim had lived was vaccinated. Today small-pox is no longer a threat to humanity. Routine vaccinations have been stopped worldwide.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
eradicate : to destroy/to get rid of something completely.
transmission : transfer.
sought out : found, using a lot of effort.



Direction: You have one brief passage with 5 questions following the passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
Every profession or trade, every art and every science has its technical vocabulary, the function of which is partly to designate things or processes which have no names in ordinary English and partly to secure greater exactness in nomenclature. Such special dialects or jargons are necessary in technical discussion of any kind. Being universally understood by the devotees of the particular science or art, they have the precision of a mathematical formula. Besides, they save time, for it is much more economical to name a process than to describe it. Thousands of these technical terms are very properly included in every large dictionary, yet, as a whole, they are rather on the outskirts of the English language than actually within its borders. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of their special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts and other vocations like farming and fishing that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary is very old. An average man now uses these in his own vocabulary. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity and philosophy have become familiar to cultivated persons.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
designate : to describe/ name something/somebody in a particular way.
nomenclature : a system of naming things.
dialects : the form of language that is spoken in an area with grammar, words and pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language.
jargons : words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group of people, and are difficult for others to understand. precision : the quality of being exact, accurate and careful accuracy.
cultivated people : having a high level of education and showing good manners.
outskirts : out of : vocations :a type of work/way of life that you believe is suitable for you